Manufacturers

Muby Chemicals and a few more manufacturing units are owned by Kamdar Family. Mubychem Group is the pioneer manufacturer of Sodium Chloride etc. in India. Established in 1976, we have led a quality revolution across our product range. Mubychem group has several manufacturing facilities spread across Western India. Our associated facility is Food & Drug Administration (FDA) GMP approved to manufacture a wide range of pharmaceutical excipients and food chemicals. We have ISO-9001-2008 Certification ISO-22000-2005 HACCP Certification, Kosher and Halal Certification. We have European "Reach" Registration for exports.

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Sodium Chloride BP USP IP Manufacturers

CAS number: 7647-14-5; Molecular Weight: 58.44; Molecular Formula: NaCl

NaCl Sodium Chloride MSDS
Sodium Chloride BP USP ACS FCC IP Manufacturers

Only high quality product is offered.

Specifications of Sodium Chloride IP Grade

Dry Basis Assay: 99.0% - 100.5%
Description: White, crystalline powder
Solubility: Freely soluble in water; practically insoluble in ethanol
Acidity or alkalinity: Passes Test
Clarity and Colour of Solution: Clear & colourless solution (10% w/w)
Arsenic: 1 ppm max
Barium: Passes Test
Bromide: 0.1% max
Calcium & Magnesium as Ca: 50 ppm max
Ferro cyanide: Passes Test
Heavy Metals: 5 ppm max
Iodide: Passes Test
Iron: 20 ppm max
Loss on Drying: 1% max
Potassium: 0.1% max
Packing: In 50 Kgs. HDPE bags with double HMHDP liners

Sodium Chloride BP

NaCl 58.44 7647-14-5
Action and use
Used in treatment of electrolyte deficiency.

DEFINITION
Content
99.0 per cent to 100.5 per cent (dried substance).

CHARACTERS
Appearance
White or almost white, crystalline powder or colourless crystals or white or almost white pearls.
Solubility
Freely soluble in water, practically insoluble in anhydrous ethanol.

IDENTIFICATION
A. It gives the reactions of chlorides.
B. It gives the reactions of sodium.

TESTS
Solution S
If the substance is in the form of pearls crush before use.
Dissolve 20.0 g in carbon dioxide-free water prepared from distilled water and dilute to 100.0 ml with the same solvent.
Appearance of solution
Solution S is clear and colourless.
Acidity or alkalinity
To 20 ml of solution S add 0.1 ml of bromothymol blue solution. Not more than 0.5 ml of 0.01 M hydrochloric acid or 0.01 M sodium hydroxide is required to change the colour of the indicator.
Bromides
Maximum 100 ppm.
Ferrocyanides
Dissolve 2.0 g in 6 ml of water. Add 0.5 ml of a mixture of 5 ml of a 10 g/l solution of ferric ammonium sulphate in a 2.5 g/l solution of sulphuric acid and 95 ml of a 10 g/l solution of ferrous sulphate. No blue colour develops within 10 min.
Iodides
Moisten 5 g by the drop wise addition of a freshly prepared mixture of 0.15 ml of sodium nitrite solution, 2 ml of 0.5 M sulphuric acid , 25 ml of iodide-free starch solution and 25 ml of water. After 5 min, examine in daylight. The mixture shows no blue colour.
Nitrites
To 10 ml of solution S add 10 ml of water. The absorbance is not greater than 0.01 at 354 nm.
Phosphates
Maximum 25 ppm.
Sulphate
Maximum 200 ppm.
Aluminium
Maximum 0.2 ppm, if intended for use in the manufacture of peritoneal dialysis solutions, hem dialysis solutions or haemofiltration solutions.
Arsenic
Maximum 1 ppm, determined on 5 ml of solution S.
Barium
To 5 ml of solution S add 5 ml of distilled water and 2 ml of dilute sulphuric acid. After 2 h, any opalescence in the solution is not more intense than that in a mixture of 5 ml of solution S and 7 ml of distilled water.
Iron
Maximum 2 ppm, determined on solution S.
Magnesium and alkaline-earth metals
Maximum 100 ppm, calculated as Ca and determined on 10.0 g.
Potassium: maximum 5.00 102 ppm, if intended for use in the manufacture of parenteral dosage forms or hem-dialysis, haemofiltration or peritoneal dialysis solutions.
Atomic emission spectrometry: To pass the test
Heavy metals
Maximum 5 ppm.
Loss on drying
Maximum 0.5 per cent, determined on 1.000 g by drying in an oven at 105C for 2h.
Bacterial endotoxins
Less than 5 IU/g, if intended for use in the manufacture of parenteral dosage forms without a further appropriate procedure for removal of bacterial endotoxins.

Sodium Chloride General

Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is an ionic compound with the formula NaCl. The salt most responsible for the salinity of the ocean and of the extra cellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. It forms small, transparent, colorless to white cubic crystals. It is odorless but has a characteristic taste. As the major ingredient in edible salt, it is commonly used as a condiment and food preservative. It is soluble in water and very slightly soluble in ethanol; cubic; r.d. 2.17; m.p. 801C; b.p. 1413C. It occurs as the mineral halite (rock salt) and in natural brines and sea water. It has the interesting property of a solubility in water that changes very little with temperature. It is used industrially as the starting point for a range of sodium-based products (e.g. Solvay process for Na2CO3, Castner-Kellner process for NaOH), and is known universally as a preservative and seasoner of foods. It has a key role in biological systems in maintaining electrolyte balances.

Production and use

Salt is currently mass-produced by evaporation of seawater or brine from other sources, such as brine wells and salt lakes, and by mining rock salt, called halite. In 2002, world production was estimated at 210 million metric tonnes, the top five producers being the United States (40.3 million tonnes), China (32.9), Germany (17.7), India (14.5), and Canada (12.3).

As well as the familiar uses of salt in cooking, salt is used in many applications, from manufacturing pulp and paper, to setting dyes in textiles and fabric, to producing soaps, detergents, and other bath products. It is the major source of industrial chlorine and sodium hydroxide, and used in almost every industry.

It is sometimes used as a cheap and safe desiccant because it appears to have hygroscopic properties, making salting an effective method of food preservation historically. Even though more effective desiccants are available, few are safe for humans to ingest.

Synthetic uses

It ibis also the raw material used to produce chlorine which itself is required for the production of many modern materials including PVC and pesticides. Industrially, elemental chlorine is usually produced by the electrolysis of sodium chloride dissolved in water. Along with chlorine, this chlor-alkali process yields hydrogen gas and sodium hydroxide, according to the chemical equation

2NaCl + 2H2O → Cl2 + H2 + 2NaOH

Sodium metal is produced commercially through the electrolysis of liquid sodium chloride. This is now done in a Down's cell in which sodium chloride is mixed with calcium chloride to lower the melting point below 700 C. As calcium is more electropositive than sodium, no calcium will be formed at the cathode. This method is less expensive than the previous method of electrolyzing sodium hydroxide.

Salt is used in other chemical processes for the large-scale production of compounds containing sodium or chlorine. In the Solvay process, sodium chloride is used for producing sodium carbonate and calcium chloride. In the Mannheim process and in the Hargreaves process, it is used for the production of sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid.

Biological uses

Many microorganisms cannot live in an overly salty environment: water is drawn out of their cells by osmosis. For this reason salt is used to preserve some foods, such as smoked bacon or fish. It can also be used to detach leeches that have attached themselves to feed. It is also used to disinfect wounds.

Optical uses

Pure Sodium Chloride crystal is an optical compound with a wide transmission range from 200 nm to 20 um. It was often used in the infrared spectrum range and it is still used sometimes.

Sodium Chloride NaCl crystal is soft, hygroscopic and inexpensive. This limits its application to protected environment or for short term uses (prototyping). Exposed to free air NaCl optics will "rot".

Today tougher crystals like ZnSe are used instead of NaCl (for the IR spectral range).

Household uses

Since at least medieval times, people have used salt as a cleansing agent rubbed on household surfaces. It is also used in many brands of shampoo, and popularly to de-ice driveways and patches of ice. It is also used in tooth paste.

The Environment

Although NaCl is highly effective in reducing the build-up of snow and ice, a high concentration in the immediate area of its use can have a detrimental effect on plant life and smaller species. Some environmentalists prefer to use sand on icy surfaces.

Biological functions

In humans, a high-salt intake has long been known to generally raise blood pressure, especially in certain individuals. More recently, it was demonstrated to attenuate nitric oxide production. Nitric oxide (NO) contributes to vessel homeostasis by inhibiting vascular smooth muscle contraction and growth, platelet aggregation, and leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium.

Road salt

While salt was once a scarce commodity in history, industrialized production has now made salt plentiful. Approximately 51% of world output is now used by cold countries to de-ice roads in winter, both in grit bins and spread by winter service vehicles. Calcium chloride is preferred over sodium chloride, since CaCl2 releases energy up on forming a solution with water, heating any ice or snow it is in contact with. It also lowers the freezing point, depending on the concentration. NaCl does not release heat upon solution; however, it does lower the freezing point. It is also more readily available and does not have any special handling or storage requirements, unlike calcium chloride.

Additives

Table salt sold for consumption today is not pure Sodium Chloride or NaCl. In 1911 magnesium carbonate was first added to salt to make it flow more freely. In 1924 trace amounts of iodine in form of sodium iodide, potassium iodide or potassium iodate were first added, to reduce the incidence of simple goiter.

Salt for de-icing in the UK typically contains sodium hexacyanoferrate (II) at less than 100ppm as an anti-caking agent. In recent years this additive has also been used in table salt.

Sodium Chloride Manufacturers
Sodium Chloride

Sodium Chloride IP BP USP manufacturers at:

MUBY CHEMICALS
S-8, SARIFA MANSION, 2ND FLANK ROAD, CHINCHBUNDER, MUMBAI 400009, INDIA
TEL: (OFFICE) 91-22-23770100, 23774610, 23726950, 23723564. FAX: 91-22-23728264

e-mail: info@mubychem.com

USA & Canadian Customers may e-mail: usa@mubychem.com

Copyright and Usual Disclaimer is Applicable.
Last updated: 03 June, 2014.

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